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[:th]15 ปี ทนายสมชาย[:]

15 years of Somchai Neelapaijit and the voices of the missing


Mr. Somchai Neelapaijit Born in a family of farmers in Bangkok, Mr. Somchai Neelapaijit understood well about the difficulties and challenges on access to justice for farmers and lower-class people. He, therefore, aspired to become a lawyer with the goal to better their lives. Throughout his 20 years as a professional lawyer, Somchai has provided legal aids for numerous clients from various backgrounds regardless of their ethnicities or religion. Particularly interested in working on human rights-related cases, he was chosen to be the Human Rights Vice Chairman of the Lawyers Council and subsequently the Chairman of Muslim Lawyers Club.

Somchai’s success in battling against the state’s human rights abuses of the vulnerable peoples deeply upset the Thai authorities.  Since 1987, Somchai turned to work on cases related to the armed conflicts in the southern border provinces of Thailand because he believes that the Martial Law which is used to administer these provinces has legal loopholes that allow the state officials to violate the local people’s human rights. Since then, he had become a vocal advocate for lifting the Martial Law in this region.


Before his disappearance on 12 March 2004, Somchai submitted a complaint letter on torture against his five clients by a group of police officers. Somchai remains nowhere to be found up until today. Still, one witness saw that he was pushed inside a car by someone before he was disappeared.

Mr. Somchai’s family was the first family in Thailand that used a domestic legal mechanism to seek justice in a case of enforced disappearance, even though such a practice has not been criminalized in the country. They have fought to bring justice to Somchai for over a decade. However, the Supreme Court has acquitted all the five police officers accused of abducting him.

The Court, moreover, ruled that his relatives have no rights to represent him in the Court, despite his disappearance and unknown fate.

Since 2018, the Department of Special Investigation (DSI) terminated the investigation into Somchai’s case that started in 2005 but continued to provide protection for Somchai’s wife, Ms. Angkhana Neelapaijit as a witness in his case. There has no substantive report about the DSI’s actions or progress of its investigation into Somchai’s case. This case might be just another case of enforced disappearance in which the victim will be enforced disappeared from the Thai justice system.