[:th]CrCF Logo[:]

Amnesty International: Renewed emergency legislation leaves southern Thailand in human rights limbo


Dear all,

Here is a press release on the renewal of the emergency decree in southern Thailand.


21 December 2012

Renewed emergency legislation leaves southern Thailand in human rights limbo

Thailand must stop flouting its human rights obligations while tackling insurgent violence in the South, Amnesty International said following renewal of a deeply flawed emergency decree.

The Thai cabinet renewed the 2005 Emergency Decree for three southern provinces on 18 December for a further three months – a renewal that came into effect on 20 December.

Suspected insurgents continue to abuse flagrantly international law by targeting and indiscriminately attacking civilians in the Thai south.

The decree grants sweeping powers of “preventive” detention at undefined sites for up to 30 days, at the same time preventing security forces from being held to account for human rights violations.

There continue to be credible reports of torture and other ill-treatment by security forces in detention in the south.

“In the last eight years of armed conflict and thanks in part to the Emergency Decree, state personnel have largely enjoyed impunity for serious human rights violations. This cannot be allowed to continue. The government must bring all suspected perpetrators to justice, and prevent further violations including through better protection for detainees,” said Polly Truscott, Amnesty International’s Deputy Asia-Pacific Director.

“The Emergency Decree effectively legitimizes state impunity for human rights violations in southern Thailand.

“This flawed legislation in place since 2005 has failed to protect adequately people’s human rights, and flouts Thailand’s international law obligations.

“Renewing the decree yet again, the government has signaled that protecting human rights during conflict is still not a high enough priority.”


The Emergency Decree authorizes any state authority to detain anyone in an undefined place of detention for 30 days of administrative detention regardless of whether or not the individual is a criminal suspect. Judicial review of arrest warrants and requests to extend detention are ineffective or unenforced, and independent monitoring of detention centres is inconsistent.

The decree also limits any form of criminal, disciplinary or civil action against officials who abuse emergency powers and violate human rights. It is seen as codifying immunity for state officials and prevents individuals from seeking remedy for violations by them.

As a state party to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and as High Contracting Party to the Geneva Conventions, Thailand is obliged to refrain from arbitrary detentions, including detention in unrecognized places, to prevent and stop torture and other ill-treatment in all circumstances, to bring perpetrators of violations to justice and to provide reparations to victims.

Public document
For more information, please call Amnesty International’s press office in London, UK, on +44 20 7413 5566 or email: press@amnesty.org

สินีนาฏ เมืองหนู
Sineenart Muangnoo
Growth Mobilization Coordinator

Amnesty International Thailand
90/41 Ladpro Soi 1, Jomphol,
Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900
Tel. 02 513 8754, 02 513 8745
Fax. 02 939 2534
Email: membership@amnesty.or.th
Web: http://www.amnesty.or.th
Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/amnestythailand

Amnesty International is a Nobel Peace Prize-winning grassroots activist organization with more than 3 million supporters, activists and volunteers in more than 150 countries and territories campaigning for human rights worldwide. The organization investigates and exposes abuses, educates and mobilizes the public, and works to protect people wherever justice, freedom, truth and dignity are denied.