เปิดคำถาม 31 ข้อยูเอ็นถามประเทศไทยเรื่องการป้องกันการทรมาน และคำตอบของรัฐบาลไทยเผยแพร่เมื่อเดือนมกราคม 2564

เอกสารแนวคำถามของยูเอ็น 31 ข้อ

จากเรื่องคดีบิลลี่ ทนายสมชาย เด่น คำแหล้ ถึงเรื่องคุกทวีวัฒนา

เอกสารคำตอบของรัฐบาลไทยเสนอต่อคณะกรรมการต่อต้านการทรมาน เสนอเมื่อเดือนมกราคม 2564

6.   Please provide data on the prevalence of the practice, authorized under orders Nos. 3/2558 (2015) and 13/2559 (2016) of the National Council for Peace and Order, by which military officers are permitted to detain civilians incommunicado and without charge for up to seven days in unofficial places of detention and other locations, including military facilities, on suspicion of having committed a wide range of offences. Please provide data on the number of civilians detained in the Nakhon Chaisri temporary remand facility within the 11th Army Circle base since its establishment in 2015 and indicate whether civilians have been detained at other military bases or unofficial places of detention during the reporting period. Please indicate whether the State party has taken measures to ensure that civilians are only detained at official places of detention and detail any measures adopted to provide fundamental legal safeguards against torture, from the outset of their deprivation of liberty, to persons detained pursuant to orders Nos. 3/2558 (2015) and 13/2559 (2016) of the National Council for Peace and Order.[1]

7.   In the light of the Committee’s previous concluding observations (para. 14), please clarify whether enforced disappearance has been made a specific crime in the State party’s domestic law.[2] Please indicate any progress in the investigation of allegations raised by the Committee during the previous review, including the cases of Pholachi (“Billy”) Rakcharoen and Somchai Neelaphaijit, and the investigation of allegations of enforced disappearance that have arisen during the reporting period, such as the case of land rights activist Den Khamlae. Please provide data on any case in which individuals have been prosecuted for acts amounting to enforced disappearance during the reporting period. Please also indicate the State party’s anticipated time frame for ratification of the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance.[3]

8.   Please provide information on the results of recent measures taken to ensure that the National Human Rights Commission of Thailand operates in conformity with the principles relating to the status of national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights (the Paris Principles), including measures taken to ensure that the Commission has operational independence, that it is empowered to access all places of detention, that it receives adequate resources[4] and that its members are selected through a transparent process.


                     [1]   See CCPR/C/THA/CO/2, para. 25–26; and Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, “Press briefing notes on Ethiopia and Thailand”, 19 August 2016, and “UN Human Rights Chief deeply concerned at growing military role in Thai Government”, 22 April 2016.

                     [2]   See A/HRC/33/16, paras. 158.77–78; and CCPR/C/THA/CO/2, paras. 19–20.

                     [3]   See CAT/C/THA/CO/1/Add.1, para. 42; and A/HRC/33/16, paras. 158.16–20.

                     [4]   See A/HRC/33/16, paras. 158.39–48.

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