A penal discussion on
“Violence Against Civilians and Transitional Justice”
20 February 2017 2.00 pm -5.00 pm
At Sri Wangsa Auditorium, Faculty of Political Science, Prince of Songkla University, Pattani Campus
By Transitional Justice Thailand (TJ Thailand)
In situations of severe social or political conflict, civilians are usually subjected to various forms of violence from both parties to the conflict, e.g. protest crackdown, war on drug, genocide, attacks against women or children, or civilians who are not directly involved in the violent conflict, rape, torture, and abduction or enforced disappearance etc. Violence against civilians could be committed by both state and non-state actors, and after the incident there are always victims and people affected by it. The society seeks answers to what causes the violence, by whom, who are the effected, how to handle the wrongdoers and the effected, and lastly, how to build a peaceful society and sustainable development and how to prevent such situations of violence.
Transitional justice (TJ) is a set of ideas to approach the problems by utilizing four principles as tools to restore peace in the society, particularly for the society during transition period – from a violent society ruled by the authoritarian where there are widespread and extensive abuses of human rights and rule of law, to a peaceful and democratic society. These principles are truth-seeking process, reparation, prosecution and institutional reform. The society has the right to acknowledge the violations of human rights, especially in the form of serious crimes, or the victims should be provided redress and remedies including compensation for the past act of violence, the offenders should accordingly be prosecuted, and finally, the involved organizations or institutes, whether directly or indirectly, deserve the reformation to prevent the recurrence of such situations. Those principles is the linkage to the past situations of violence, and they also handle the current situation in order to prevent the rights of the victims or the effected from being neglected as well as to prevent such abuses to reoccur in the future. Hence, this is an approach to create sustainable peace in the society.
The concept of TJ initially came from Latin America as the countries in the region were going through a transition period from totalitarian societies during the Cold War to democratic societies. Subsequently the concept of TJ became widely used in South Africa, East Asia and Eastern Europe. Furthermore, TJ was taken into account as a tool for peace-building post civil wars, struggles for freedom and democracy to reconcile in the preparation of peace agreements worldwide including Bangsamoro (Filipino), Aceh (Indonesia), Sri Lanka, Nepal, and East Timor. The UN forces or international forces also use the concept of TJ to reorganize during the operation of peacekeeping in failed states. However, there is no ultimate answer to foresee whether such agreements and operations will be succeeded because the degree of complexity and intensity vary in each conflict. It requires different elements for the society to overcome conflicts, but at least the reasonable usage of these four principles by all the parties indicates the united idea of not leaving anyone behind, especially the victims.
This panel discussion offers a wide range of debates on the subject regarding TJ based on the principles, lessons, ideas and guidance on how to apply it in different contexts in Thai society, of which have been gathered through experiences and knowledge from trainings and workshops with Asia Justice and Human Rights (Ajar) in several Asian countries. TJ Thailand is a newly established working group with an initial idea to create better understanding of the theory and the implementation of TJ in Thai society, both in central and southernmost provinces. Moreover, this panel discussion is a first official launch of the working group TJ Thailand. The date for a panel discussion on “Violence against Civilians and Transitional Justice” is on Monday, February 20, 2017, 2.00 pm – 5.00 pm at Sriwangsa Auditorium, Faculty of Political Science, Prince of Songkla University, Pattani Campus.
20 February 2017 1.30 pm -5.00 pm
At Sriwangsa Auditorium, Faculty of Political Science, Prince of Songkla University, Pattani Campus
1.30 pm – 2.00 pm Registration
2.00 pm – 2.30 pm Opening speech by the dean or a representative. A presentation of TJ Thailand by Somchai Homlaor, CrCF senior legal advisor and the representative of TJ Thailand
2.30 pm – 2.40 pm Reminiscences of “Grandmother Kluen Sangampai” by
Duangsuda Sangaumpai (grand daugther of a social activist in Pattani Province)
2.40 pm – 4.15 pm A penal discussion on “Violence against Civilians and Justice During the Transition Period” (95 minutes)
- History of violence against civilians in Thai society and transitional justice
Mr. Chamnan Chanruang, Faculty of Political Science and Public Administration, Chiang Mai University
- Transitional justice and the current situation of the reconciliation
Asst. Profs. Dr. Poom Moolsilpa, Associate Dean at School of Law, Assumption University
- Civilians in conflicts in Thailand’s southern border/Pattani and transitional justice
Mr. Romdor Panjor, Editor of the Deep South Watch
- The role of local civil society
Chairman of Civil society of the Southernmost Thailand
- Transitional justice and peace-building from the public
Ms. Yupa Pusahat, Representative of the Asia Foundation
- Transitional justice in practice
the victims of violence against civilians in the Southernmost Thailand network* and representative of the women’s group*
- The provision of justice and peace-building
Representative of state authority*
Moderated by Mrs.Fareeda Panjor, research professor at Center for Conflict Studies and Cultural Diversity, Prince of Songkla University, Pattani Campus.
4.15 pm – 4.45 pm Q & A
4.45 pm Closing speech by Assoc. Prof. Dr. Srisomphop Chitphiromsri
For further coordination or related inquiries, please contact Ms. Nadthasiri Bergman, TJ Thailand Coordination Officer at Tel. 0851208077
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